Monday, May 9, 2022

Former President Moon Jae-in may remember controversial remarks like yesterday, even on Independence Day, when the people should be united. At the ceremony on August 15, he claims that South Korea was founded in 1919. Two years later, he surprised the people around him as he celebrated the 100th anniversary of the founding of the country. It was in 1948 that South Korea officially became independent and Syngman Rhee became the first president. Since then, it is an internationally recognized fact that the same year is the year of the founding of the country, and Moon has been appointed as the 19th president counting from Lee. Nevertheless, it is speculated that the statement's claim to "established the country in 1919" was supported by his supporters, anti-Japanese independence movement officials and liberals. They claimed that 1919, when citizens of the Korean Peninsula seeking independence from Japan established a caretaker government in Shanghai, China, was the year of the founding of the country. Establishing a temporary government of the Republic of Korea, "Political ideology (individual ethnic groups decide their attribution, political organization, political fate, and other races based on their own will," advocated in World War I. Or the collective right not to allow interference from other nations) , the process of globalization in Japan, China, the United States, Europe, and Russia, the possibility of socialism that created North Korea, and the division of North and South Korea. Impact of. The dynamism of a business politician who has little Japanese will and trust.

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said on the morning of May 9, 2022, "There is a difficult problem between Japan and South Korea, but it cannot be left as it is. It is basic to keep the promise between the countries. However, I would like to proceed with efforts based on Japan's consistent position, "he told reporters. Before leaving, Foreign Minister Hayashi emphasized to reporters, "I want to make this an important opportunity to communicate closely with the new South Korean government." The Japanese Foreign Minister has visited South Korea since 2018. Given that President Yoon is eager to improve Japan-South Korea relations, Hayashi seems to confirm his policy of communicating with the next administration. It seems that they are also expected to agree to strengthen cooperation between the three countries of Japan, the United States and South Korea over the situation in North Korea. There were voices from the South Korean side expecting the Prime Minister to attend, but it seems that the Japanese side decided that it was premature because no concrete actions could be seen due to the issue of former recruitment workers and comfort women. Hayashi is expected to communicate this situation and encourage correction. Kishida said that he strongly feels the importance of cooperation between Japan, South Korea, Japan, the United States and South Korea in the face of a situation where the foundation of the international order may be shaken. However, some Japanese have not yet established the Korean government, and the fact that there are only two members is a private citizen. The US government hasn't met with the South Korean delegation, and it would be nice if it was at the parliamentary level, but it would be strange for the prime minister of one country to coordinate. He states that Japan has no international standards or standards. In addition, the radar was locked on and the muzzle was hit on the head for the fact that the Korean side did not apologize for many problems such as former comfort women, former recruiters, and radar irradiation, and no countermeasures were shown. Is it okay to do that in East Asia? Takeshima Islands problem, recruitment work (recruitment work) and piles, that is the root. The fact that the government meets the delegation over there, neglecting it, laments Prime Minister Kishida's sweet attitude as to how much Japan is a mass of kindness. However, after the Golden Week holidays, a new president will be born in neighboring South Korea. Yoon Seok-you's inauguration ceremony is May 10, 2022. The calendar seems to be eager to improve the cold Japan-Korea relations. Therefore, before the holidays, he sent a policy council delegation headed by Chung Jin-soo, the vice-chairman of the Diet, to Japan. The focus was on whether or not we could meet with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida.

【Product name】
Fava bean
Vicia faba L.
【Producing area】
All over Saga Prefecture (JA Group Saga)
【Origin of the name】
空豆: When the fruit is immature, it grows toward the sky and gradually turns downward as it ripens. 蚕豆: It grows when you start growing silk moths, and the shape of the pods resembles that of silk moths. Other names are “天豆, 雪割豆” etc.
【Major features】
In mid-March 2022, JA Kyosairen Saga is giving Saga Prefecture an eco-bag(A role like a substitute for shopping bags for storing products in surprise chains, supermarkets, and convenience stores)with reflective materials in an attempt to reduce accidents from night to dawn, when people often suffer traffic damage. JA Kyosairen Saga has been donating traffic safety goods to the prefecture since 2021, and this time it donated 4000 eco-bags with reflective materials to reduce traffic accidents for the elderly and children from night to dawn. The eco-bag is decorated with the prefecture's traffic safety character, "Manya", and seems to be calling for a hand sign to raise the hand when walking on a pedestrian crossing. Eco-bags were distributed to the elderly and children at traffic events through cities and towns in the prefecture. According to the people concerned, the eco-bag with reflective material was donated with the hope that pedestrians could easily find it. I heard that there are only a few cases, and I hope that the number of traffic accidents will be reduced. In 2021, 23 people died in a traffic accident in the prefecture, and 7 of them seemed to have been walking from night to dawn. Saga Prefecture has a long history of strawberry cultivation, and there is a record that open-field cultivation was introduced in Furueda, Kashima City and Higashisefuri Village, Kanzaki District (currently Yoshinogari Town) in 1925, and cultivation was flourishing. From around 1955, tunnel cultivation and vinyl mulch became widespread, and it seems that varieties such as Danner strawberry, Fukuba strawberry, and Yachiyo strawberry were cultivated. At the beginning of the 1965s, the introduction of pipe greenhouses progressed throughout the prefecture, and after the rice production adjustment in 1970, the planting expanded at a stretch rice field. It seems that it was around this time that the short-term stock cooling system was established as a technique for introducing pot seedlings and early delivery within the year. When "Toyonoka strawberry" appeared in 1983, the production of strawberries increased dramatically, and it seems that the system sales reached 10 billion yen in 1988 in combination with plant cold cultivation. In 1990, electric lighting and warmers became widespread in earnest, and in 1996, system sales reached 13 billion yen, and in 1997, six new records were set in terms of quantity, amount, unit price, unit yield, etc. Around this time, studies on alternative varieties of "Toyonoka strawberry" began, and large fruit varieties such as "Sachinoka strawberry" and "eyeberry strawberry" were also cultivated. In 1998, a new variety "Sagahonoka strawberry" bred at the Saga Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Research Center (Kitakawasoe Town, Saga City) appeared, and its large fruit system, high yield, fruit shape and good taste became popular. It seems that the cultivar conversion has begun from the western Yokotsuna "Toyonoka strawberry" that has continued for more than 10 years to "Sagahonoka strawberry". In 2002, more than 90% of the prefecture's crops were replaced with "Sagahonoka strawberry" and "Sachinoka strawberry", and the era of "Toyonoka strawberry" in Saga prefecture has come to an end. It seems that the problems when "Toyonoka strawberry" was in its heyday were the decrease in packing work efficiency due to the low rate of excellent products, long-distance transportation, and the low unit price due to the occurrence of damaged fruits in the warm season. For the pain and scratches of fruits in the warm season, it seems that the producers will be burdened with the work that requires the utmost care, such as leaf protection and ball-out work in the field, early morning harvesting, and thorough pre-cooling. In addition, the inefficiency of packing work due to the disorder of fruit shape affected the peak harvest season, and it seems that many producers suffered from continuous packing all night long. "Sagahonoka strawberry" bred at the Saga Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Research Center is an original variety of Saga Prefecture that has "Onishiki strawberry", which is a large fruit type, and "Toyonoka strawberry", which has excellent taste. Its characteristics are that it is a large fruit with little acidity and that the fruit is firm and has little damage. In addition, it seems that the flower buds are differentiated quickly within the year and there is no need for early-delivery treatment such as night chilling and stock chilling, and the continuity of the fruit bunches is high and there are few waves of harvest. Due to the high rate of excellent products in big balls, packing work is much faster than "Toyonoka strawberry", and some producers are expanding the planted area. In addition, it seems that the good shape of the fruit was a tailwind because it has great merits such as high efficiency when introducing the package center. "Sagahonoka strawberry" is more vulnerable to anthracnose and epidemics than "Toyonoka strawberry". It seems that it was. Therefore, we have introduced an elevated bench raising seedlings so that the seedlings will not be soaked in water. Also, it seems that they are promoting the update to Disease-free parent plant. It seems that the disease-free parent strain purchases the original seedlings from the Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Research Center and proliferates and distributes them at flower seedling farmers equipped with a rain shelter bench seedling raising facility in the jurisdiction. It seems that the field will be analyzed for soil after harvesting, PH and EC will be measured, and soil preparation for the next year will be considered. It seems that the original fertilizer and soil preparation are adjusted for each individual by grasping the pH abnormality and excess components. Recently, as more and more farmers are introducing no-till farming to save labor and reduce costs, I hear that they are considering fertilization for no-till farming. Strawberries are painful and delicate fruits, so it seems that they are very careful in handling them from harvest to on the shelves. Each one is carefully harvested by hand and transported to each farmer's pre-cooler before the temperature of the fruit rises. It seems that the farmers carry the fruits from the pre-cooler to the joint fruit sorting area and sort the fruits speedily. In early spring, when the temperature rises, early morning harvest and post-harvest pre-cooling seem to be important. It seems that the product temperature does not rise by paying attention to temperature control during packing work and shipping. Since it takes two days to transport from Saga prefecture to the Kanto market, if proper pre-cooling management is neglected from harvest to shipment, damage will occur immediately, so it seems that special attention is paid to the coming season when the temperature rises. At the time of shipment, specialized inspectors and club members perform visual inspections one pack at each strawberry collection point, striving to prevent the contamination of painful fruits and accident products, and it seems that they have an inspection system that allows them to sell with confidence. About 50% of the shipping destinations are in the Kanto area, and it seems that they are shipping to other areas in the Kansai, Chugoku and Shikoku areas. "Sagahonoka strawberry" has a high rate of excellence and large balls, and it seems that 2L / L is the main product in the 300 g regular pack. In addition to the 300 g regular pack, it seems that 400 g flat packs and 500 g cosmetic boxes are also shipped mainly during the gift demand period. "Saga no Broad bean" : The origin is not well-established, but what appears to be a wild species has been found south of the Caspian Sea and in North Africa. Historically, there are records of cultivation in ancient Egypt and Greece, which means that humans have an old relationship of about 4000 to 5000 years. Therefore, it has become popular all over the world and has become an indispensable ingredient. It seems that there is a theory that it came from China via the Silk Road at the time of Emperor Shomu(The first prince of Emperor Monmu(天之真宗豊祖父天皇). 天璽国押開豊桜彦天皇, 勝宝感神聖武皇帝, 沙弥勝満; Fujiwara no Miyako is her mother; 髪長姫伝説 竹取物語)in the Nara period, but the truth is uncertain. As an actual record, it first appeared in Tashikihen in the Edo period under the name of broad beans. Razan HAYASHI(又三郎, 道春)edition.Ming Lin Zhaoke-Ko wrote the flora and fauna in “The Classic of Poetry” from the classification.In the already read eyes, more than 440 titles are listed, and in addition to Chinese classical studies, there are various Chinese books such as Hundred Schools of Morocco, history books, geography, military art, and Honzo. It can be seen that the academic ability was high. It is said to be the oldest agricultural product in the world, and is produced and loved in a wide area from North Africa to the Mediterranean coast and Asia. There are different ways to eat it, and in Japan it is the mainstream to boil it in salt and eat it as it is. Speaking of Issun broad beans, “Ryosai Issun broad beans” is a nationally famous variety, but the prefecture has been strongly working on the cultivation of a new variety “Ai no Sora(From the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries variety registration website, Vicia faba L .: Application number, 20843, Application date, 2007/03/27, Application publication date, 2007/08/03, Registration number, 18295, Registration date Date, 2009/06/25, Duration of breeder's right, 25 years, Date of extinction of breeder's right, Name and address of breed registrant, Ehime prefecture (Ichiban Town, Matsuyama City): Breeding of registered varieties Name of the person who did it, Mr. Kenji Nagai, Mr. Yasuo Toi, Restrictions on exports No designated country. Outline of the characteristics of the plant of the registered varieties: Medium grass vigor, medium plant height, medium grass shape, slightly high number of divisional techniques, slightly large number of effective divisional techniques, long internode length, medium stem anthocyanin , Leaf size is a little small, Leaf color is green, Flower color is mostly white, Bottom pod node position is medium, pod density is a little honey, pod number is a little small, pod length is long, The width of the pod is quite large, the thickness of the pod is medium, the weight of the pod is heavy, the color of the pod is medium, the pod is medium, the constriction of the pod is large, the number of seats is 2.5 or more and less than 3.0, the actual number of grains. 2.0 or more, less than 2.5, blue fruit length is quite long, blue fruit width is quite wide, blue fruit weight is heavy, blue fruit greenness is medium, seed umbilical color is black, seed coat The color is light brown, the beginning of flowering is a little early, and the pods are harvested a little early. The application cultivar “Ai no Sora” is distinguished from the control cultivar “Ryosai Issun” in that the weight of the pods is heavier and the weight of the fruits is heavier. Compared to the control variety “Uchikoshi Issun”, the weight of the pods is heavier and the weight of the green fruits is heavier)” cultivated at the Ehime Prefectural Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Institute since 2007. I'm out. This broad bean is a traditional Ehime vegetable that is well-known nationwide for its good taste. “Shimizu Issun” Broad Beans from Johoku - Born in Shimizu Town, Matsuyama City. It seems that it was born by repeating mating and selection. It is a large grain, and when you eat it, a slight sweetness spreads in your mouth, and you can enjoy a smooth, powdery taste. From now on, as a variety unique to Ehime prefecture, producers (workers) will continue to grow with love and hope that they will contribute to Japanese agriculture. For sowing and thinning, put a mulch film on the ridge width of 1 m and a spacing of 30 to 40 cm, and make a planting hole from above. Two seeds are planted in one place, and the ohaguro (black part) is placed diagonally downward and inserted into the soil. When it germinates and the number of true leaves is about 2, leave the ones that grow well and thin them out. If you pull it out as it is, it may damage the roots you leave, so it seems better to cut it from the roots with scissors. Pruning and topdressing Approximately three and a half months after planting, when the plant height is approximately 30 cm and 5 to 6 side branches appear, buds are sown. Leave 3 or 4 thick branches and take the rest. When the height reaches about 70 cm, pinch the tip of the stem and stop the growth. After pinching, to prevent the stock from falling, put up a support around it and surround it with a string. For top dressing, when the plant height reaches 20 to 30 cm, sprinkle chemical fertilizer on the root of the plant and bring it to the soil. It seems that it is the right time to harvest when the pods that grew up facing down hang down and become glossy and the spine becomes dark. This excellent produce has a short harvest time, so be careful not to miss the timing. It seems that winter is over when seeds are sown in late autumn and 5 to 6 authentic leaves are produced.

There seems to be a theory that the place of origin is the Middle East, Central Asia, the Mediterranean coast, etc. It is one of the oldest cultivated legumes, and I heard that it began to be cultivated around 5000 BC and was introduced to Europe, Africa and China. It is unknown when it was introduced to Japan, but it seems to have a record in the 17th century. The varieties are medium and small grain varieties for seed processing, wase varieties for fruits and vegetables (such as "Boso wase"), long pod varieties (such as "Sanuki long pod") and large grain varieties ("kawachi one inch", "Ryosai one inch", etc.) Seems to be roughly divided. Currently, medium and small grain seeds are rarely cultivated in Japan, and the reality is that dried grains are imported from China and other countries. Most of the fruits and vegetables are large grains, and it seems that they are mostly produced in warm regions such as Kagoshima and Chiba. Autumn sowing is common, sowing in October-November and harvesting in May-June. In warm summer sowing, low-temperature treated seeds are sown in September and harvested from December to April using the facility. In cold regions, it seems to be harvested in spring from June to July. This excellent produce has a high protein content and appears to be high in vitamins B1, B2, C and dietary fiber. Recent studies have externally recognized the presence of antioxidants and the effect of suppressing blood pressure rise.

How to release Cecidomyiidae to broad beans with broad bean aphids: A method of introducing an open breeding system for natural enemies in the facility and releasing natural enemies continuously for a long period of time, or pests using this It's a control method. Even before the invasion of pests into the facility is recognized, such as in the early stages of crop growth, the natural enemies are maintained with alternative baits and their host plants, and the pests that invade the facility are ambushed and have a low density that does not cause damage. Technology that aims to control pests in the meantime. It seems that the alternative bait should not be a pest for the crops in the facility. It also seems to introduce its host plant to maintain alternative diets. It seems that this is called a bunker plant. It seems good to choose this bunker plant that does not have the same pests as the crop. When nectar and pollen are used as food for natural enemies, bunker plants seem to serve as alternative food. Epiphytic bunker plants of alternative hosts are called bunker because they serve as banks of natural enemies. It seems that the timing of release is difficult for inoculatory release, in which natural enemies are released after discovering pests. Especially for whiteflies and aphids, which grow quickly, if the release timing is delayed, natural enemies will not be able to suppress the growth of pests and damage will occur. However, if the natural enemies are released before the pests are absent, the natural enemies will die and be wasted. It seems that monitoring to determine the timing of this release is also laborious. It seems that there are natural enemy release methods that make up for these shortcomings, such as the dribble method, which releases natural enemies periodically, the sowing feeding method, which releases pests and natural enemies in a planned manner, and the "bunker method".
Again, it is said that the Mediterranean and Southwest Asia are the origins, and it seems that they have been excavated from the Neolithic ruins of Israel. Before the spread of common beans, broad beans seemed to have been a staple food in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Currently, it is cultivated in South America, North America, Uganda, Sudan, etc., and it seems that the finest products are cultivated in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China. As for the usage of paddy fields in Saga prefecture, soybeans and vegetables (strawberry, asparagus, okra, broad beans, etc.) can be mentioned as crops to be converted in addition to paddy rice.

No comments:

Post a Comment